Selected legal grounds for taking over property in 1944-1989

The following legislative acts were enacted by the communist regime to nationalise property:

  • PKWN Decree of 6 September 1944 on Agrarian Reform and Regulations issued pursuant to the Decree (Dziennik Ustaw of 1945: No. 3, item 13; Dziennik Ustaw of 1946: No. 49, item 279; Dziennik Ustaw of 1957: No. 39, item 172 and Dziennik Ustaw of 1968: No. 3, item 6);
  • PKWN Decree of 12 December 1944 on Takeover by the State Treasury of Ownership of Certain Forests (Dziennik Ustaw of 1944: No. 15, item 82; Dziennik Ustaw of 1948: No. 57, item 456; Dziennik Ustaw of 1968: No. 3, item 6; Dziennik Ustaw of 1969: No. 13, item 95);
  • Decree of 26 October 1945 on Ownership and Usufruct of Land in the Capital City of Warsaw (Dziennik of Ustaw 1945: No. 50, item 279);
  • Decree of 13 November 1945 on Establishment of “Film Polski” State Enterprise (Dziennik Ustaw of 1945: No. 55, item 308);
  • Decree of 28 November 1945 on Takeover of Certain Landed Property for Purposes of Agrarian and Land Reform (Dziennik Ustaw of 1945: No. 57, item 321);
  • Law of 3 January 1946 on Nationalisation of Core Branches of the National Economy (Dziennik Ustaw of 1946: No. 3, item 17; No. 71, item 389; No. 72, item 394; Dziennik Ustaw of 1958: No. 45, item 224; Dziennik Ustaw of 1969: No. 13, item 95);
  • Decree of 8 March 1946 on Abandoned and Ex-German Property (Dziennik Ustaw of 1946: No. 13 item 87; No. 49, item 279; No. 72, item 395; Dziennik Ustaw of 1947: No. 19, item 77; No. 66, item 402; Dziennik Ustaw of 1948: No. 57, item 454; Dziennik Ustaw of 1969: No. 13, item 95);
  • Decree of 6 September 1946 on the Agricultural System and Settlement in Regained Territories and the 'Former Free City of Gdańsk (Dziennik Ustaw of 1946: No. 49, item 279);
  • Decree of 7 April 1948 on Expropriation of Estates Occupied for Purposes of Public Utility During the 1939-1945 War (Dziennik Ustaw of 1948: No. 20 item 138; Dziennik Ustaw of 1949: No. 65, item 527);
  • Decree of 26 April 1949 on Acqusition and Transfer of Estates Indispensable for Realization of National Economic Planning (Dziennik Ustaw of 1952: No. 4 item 31);
  • Decree of 27 July 1949 on Takeover of Ownership of Landed Property not in Actual Possession of their Owners, Located in Certain Poviats of the Białostockie, Lubelskie, Rzeszowskie and Krakowskie Voivodships (Dziennik Ustaw of 1949: No. 46, item 339; Dziennik Ustaw of 1958: No. 17, item 71);
  • Law of 20 March 1950 on Nationalisation of Mortmain Property, Entrusting Farm Land to Parish Priests, and Creation of the Church Fund (Dziennik Ustaw of 1950: No. 9, item 87; No. 10, item 111; Dziennik Ustaw of 1969 No. 13, item 95; Dziennik Ustawof 1998: No. 137, item 887);
  • Law of 8 January 1951 on Nationalisation of Pharmacies (Dziennik Ustaw of 1951: No. 1, item 1; Dziennik Ustaw of 1968: No. 3, item 6; Dziennik Ustaw of 1969: No. 13, item 95);
  • Decree of 2 February 1955 on Nationalisation of Inland Shipping Stock (Dziennik Ustaw of 1955: No. 6 item 36; Dziennik Ustaw of 1958: No. 17, item 71; Dziennik Ustaw of 1968: No. 3, item 6)
  • Decree of 18 April 1955 on Enfranchisement and Regulation of Other Matters Relating to Agrarian Reform and Agricultural Settlement (Dziennik Ustaw of 1955: No. 18, item 107; Dziennik Ustaw of 1958: No. 17, item 71; Dziennik Ustaw of 1959: No. 14, item 78);
  • Law of 13 July 1957 Amending the Decree of 18 April 1955 on Enfranchisement and Regulation of Other Matters Connected with the Agrarian Reform and Agricultural Settlement (Dziennik Ustaw of 1957: no. 39 item 174; Dziennik Ustaw of 1961: no. 32, item 161; Dziennik Ustaw of 1982: no. 11, item 79);
  • Law of 25 February 1958 on Regulating the Legal Status of Property Remaining under State Administration (Dziennik Ustaw of 1958: No. 11 item 37; Dziennik Ustaw of 1968: No. 3, item 6);
  • Law of 12 March 1958 on Principles on Mode of Estates' Expropriation (Dziennik Ustaw of 1958: No. 17 item 70; Dziennik Ustaw of 1974: No. 10, item 64);
  • Law of 12 March 1958 on Sale of Immovable Property of the State Land Fund and on Settling Certain Matters Connected with Agrarian Reform and Agricultural Settlement (Dziennik Ustaw of 1989: No. 58, item 348; Dziennik Ustaw of 1991: No. 107, item 464);
  • Law of 22 April 1959 on Renovation, Reconstruction, Finishing and Expansion of Buildings (Dziennik Ustaw of 1968 No. 36 item 249);
  • Law of 6 May 1962 – the Water Act (Dziennik Ustaw of 1962: No. 34, item 158; Dziennik Ustaw of 1971: No. 12, item 115).